Canada: Jury must weigh mountain of gruesome evidence, credibility-challenged witnesses

NEW WESTMINISTER, B.C. – The jury in the Robert (Willie) Pickton multiple-murder trial has a mountain of evidence to consider after retiring Friday to consider its verdict.

By CanWest News ServiceDecember 1, 2007

NEW WESTMINISTER, B.C. – The jury in the Robert (Willie) Pickton multiple-murder trial has a mountain of evidence to consider after retiring Friday to consider its verdict.

Since the trial started Jan. 22, 2007, the seven-man-five-woman jury has heard often-dramatic testimony from 128 witnesses – 30 for the defence and 98 for the prosecution – including police, forensic experts, and Pickton’s friends and associates.

The most shocking evidence were revelations that the heads, hands and feet of Mona Wilson, Sereena Abotsway, and Andrea Joesbury were found in pails at the farm. Continue reading

The Sex in ‘Sex Trafficking’

by Laura Agustín on November 28, 2007

I don’t believe there are national sexualities. But our language reflects vague impressions of how people in other cultures do sex—a tongue-kiss, “French”; anal penetration, “Greek”; penis-between-the-breasts, “Cuban”. They are stereotypes most of us don’t take seriously, and the national tags vary according to what country we’re standing in. But everywhere we have notions that out there somewhere are strange, wonderful, and exotic kinds of sex waiting for us to try.

But what about “sex trafficking”, denounced in the media as a rampant crime linked to global gangs and insecurity at borders? The U.S. government, claiming to be the world’s moral arbiter, spends millions issuing an annual report card rating other countries’ efforts to combat this crime and trying to rescue victims around the world. The implication is clear: “American” ideas about sex and morality are the right ones for the planet. In other words, if the ideal of “American” sexual relationships is accepted everywhere, the enslavement of women and children will end. Continue reading

Anti-Human Trafficking Bill Would Send FBI Agents on Trail of Pimps


By Jerry Markon
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, November 29, 2007; A05

Local vice police officers, who for decades have led the law-enforcement crackdown on prostitution, could soon have unwilling partners: FBI agents.

The Justice Department is fighting legislation that would expand federal law to cover prostitution cases, saying that the move would divert agents from human trafficking crimes. Although local police still would handle the vast majority of cases, Justice officials said the law’s passage would force them to bring cases in federal courts as well.

Some anti-trafficking activists and members of Congress say the federal government should be involved in policing prostitution. Prostitution is a social evil, they say, and increased law enforcement can only help the campaign against it.

“It’s mind-boggling that the Justice Department would be fighting” the bill, said Dorchen Leidholdt, a founding board member of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, an activist group pushing the change. “They have the power to pick and choose the cases they want to prosecute. They don’t have to prosecute local pimps if they don’t want to.”

The new provision is part of a bill reauthorizing the federal human trafficking statute, which passed Congress in 2000 and helped trigger a worldwide fight against what many consider modern-day slavery. The House Foreign Affairs Committee this month approved the legislation, which has bipartisan support and is expected to be taken up by the full House next week. Its prospects in the Senate are unclear.

The battle against trafficking is a major priority for the Bush administration, which is attacking it with 10 federal agencies reporting to a Cabinet-level task force chaired by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. But there has been heated debate, even among the dozens of organizations fighting trafficking in the United States, over whether prostitutes should be considered trafficking victims.

Federal officials define trafficking as holding someone in a workplace through force, fraud or coercion, elements that are required to prove a trafficking case under federal law, other than in cases involving minors. Trafficking generally takes two forms, forced sex or labor. But some activists argue that all prostitutes, even those not forced to turn tricks, should be defined as trafficking victims and their pimps subject to federal prosecution.

The debate over the bill comes amid broader questions over how many victims are trafficked into the United States. The government estimated in 1999 that about 50,000 slaves were arriving in the country every year. That estimate was revised downward in 2004 to 14,500 to 17,500 a year. Yet since 2000, and despite 42 Justice Department task forces and more than $150 million in federal dollars to find them, about 1,400 people have been certified as human trafficking victims in this country, a tiny fraction of the original estimates.

The House legislation cites the government’s current estimate of up to 17,500 victims a year, but the Justice Department, in a Nov. 9 letter to congressional leaders, “questions the reliability” of the numbers. “Such findings, without a full body of evidence, are counter-productive,” the letter says.

The letter also expresses opposition to the provision that Justice officials said would expand federal jurisdiction to cover prostitution offenses, which the department calls unnecessary and “a diversion from Federal law enforcement’s core anti-trafficking mission.” A senior Justice official, who was not authorized to speak for the record, reiterated the department’s opposition yesterday.

“Prostitution is abhorrent, but state and local law enforcement officials already do an excellent job fighting it,” he said.

Rep. Carolyn B. Maloney (D-N.Y.) said yesterday that she strongly supports the bill. “We want to crack down on sex trafficking, and DOJ can allocate its resources to go after the most serious cases,” she said.

But Jack McDevitt, an associate dean in Northeastern University’s College of Criminal Justice, who has studied local law enforcement’s response to trafficking, said the Justice Department’s concerns are warranted.

“Cases in local prostitution and pimping are better handled by local law enforcement, which have the contacts in the community and are going to find more intelligence about these crimes,” he said. “Every major police department in the United States has had a vice unit for the past 50 years.”

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/11/28/AR2007112802282_pf.html

We need your help!

We need people to call Tom Lantos to express opinions against the proposed federal legislation.  
From Carol Leigh:
This is a letter just about this specific issue in the media, but the TVPRA is full of problems.  I decided to write a targeted letter, but you can write your own, or send this.  Maybe you should change it a bit…I think a campaign is helpful.  Give him a call.
His secretary said said calling is best.  Tell him where you live.  We need people from San Mateo where he is from.
Local Tel 650-342-0300
DC Tel 202-225-3531
DC Fax 202-226-4183
CA12lantos@mail. house.gov is the best email.
Dear Congressman Lantos,
As a concerned citizen from [your location] I am asking that you eliminate the amendment to the Trafficking Victims Protection Act scheduled for an imminent vote, Section 221 (f)-see below.
This amendment would blur the intentions of the Mann Act and would adversely effect the ability of the FBI to combat real crime in this country, distracting the FBI with the job of monitoring the commercial sex industry.
I am very disappointed that our newly elected Democratic majority has focused on submitting legislation that increases government oversight into our private lives in the guise of helping women.  Many experts and academics, as well as our own Government Accountability Office have recognized the diversions and moral panics that have accompanied the current response to trafficking.
We needs initiatives to protect all workers from abuse including migrants, undocumented workers and sex industry workers. Laws that target commercial sex in general are shameful response to the myriad of abuses in our labor markets including slavery and other forms of forced labor.
Section 221 (f) which adds the phrase ‘or affects’ `and in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States,’ to the Mann Act as below:
(f) Transportation Generally- Section 2422(a) of title 18, United States Code, is amended–  (1) by inserting `or affecting’ after `travel in’; and
 (2) by inserting `in the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States,’ after `foreign commerce,’.
As our own Department of Justice points out (reported in the Washington Post on November 29, 2007), this change “…would expand federal jurisdiction to cover prostitution offenses, which the department calls unnecessary and ‘a diversion from Federal law enforcement’ s core anti-trafficking mission.’ “
Thank you for your attention.
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