‘DC Madam’ Trial Scheduled for April 7

Citizens for Legitimate Government, a multi-partisan activist group established to expose the Bush Coup d'Etat and oppose the Bush occupation in all of its manifestations.

–Full jury trial is scheduled to take place on April 7th, in Federal District Court, in Washington, D.C.

By Lori Price
www.legitgov.org

28 Feb 2008

Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the ‘DC Madam,’ told Citizens for Legitimate Government Thursday, “In many respects, I can’t wait to get into court and get this monkey off my back. This case has gone on far too long.” Ms. Palfrey also told CLG that her former counsel, Preston Burton, has been reassigned as her (Criminal Justice Act) CJA attorney. Additionally, Ms. Palfrey issued the following statement.

My and defense counsel’s various efforts the past 17 months to resolve the charges levied against me by the Department of Justice have been unsuccessful. Therefore, a full jury trial is scheduled to take place on April 7th, in Federal District Court, in Washington, D.C.

I intend to defend myself vigorously against the charges of racketeering, money laundering and conspiracy. I will call witnesses to testify on my behalf about the legal, sexual nature of my former business – Pamela Martin & Associates. These witnesses likely will be culled from the existing research – conducted over the past 8 months – by a variety of press/media, bloggers and interested third parties.

It should be noted ALL charges are predicated upon the seldom utilized Travel Act, which allows the Government to claim jurisdiction for ANY crime – including misdemeanor offenses such as prostitution – when state lines are crossed. In the course of regular business operation in the Washington, D.C. area, state lines are crossed routinely by any number of businesses, including escort services. In fact, all one has to do is quite literally cross the street in hundreds, if not thousands of locations in the vicinity to cross a state line. The Travel Act is important here because – unlike the state misdemeanor crime of prostitution – the Travel Act can be used to satisfy the requirement of an SUA (specified unlawful activity), which must be in place in order for the Government, not only to claim jurisdiction, but to be able to charge racketeering, money laundering and conspiracy. Federal law recognizes dozens of SUAs. Normally, such activities involve murder, treason, rape, kidnapping, drug trafficking, white slavery, extortion, embezzlement, etc. and subsequently are utilized to support broader crimes like racketeering and conspiracy.

Perhaps, it also should be stated (and clarified) the racketeering charge is based in part upon the belief my previous business – to this day – is an ongoing criminal enterprise. Pamela Martin & Associates ceased to exist the day phone service was disconnected by me, in August of 2006. Any/all affiliated parties went their separate ways, at this time. The money laundering charge has been built upon the fact that payment transaction was done through the U.S. Mail. Since I did not live in the Washington, D.C. area, during the 13 year period, PM&A was a viable concern – there realistically was no other logistical way for the women in my employ to send agency revenue onto me. Lastly, conspiracy – from what I have been able to ascertain – ostensibly occurs when two minds agree to commit a crime. Strangely, a person also can conspire with himself/herself, without the inclusion of a second individual.

Without doubt, I am in the fight of my life. Unfortunately, the Government will not capitulate, nor will I in this extremely bizarre case; one, where no person other than myself – including all former clients and escorts – is being charged with any crime here. Technically the Government has been successful in making the charges against me work on paper. As a result, I have no choice – nor have I ever had any alternative – but to fight on and clear my name via the facts of the case, particularly since – if convicted, federal sentencing guidelines allow for a maximum sentence of 55 years imprisonment. Realistically, it has been calculated I would receive 8 to 10 to 15 years. Nonetheless for me at age 51, such a harsh penalty would be tantamount to a virtual life sentence – stripping me of some of the most productive years remaining in my life.

28 February 2008

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The URL for this page: http://www.legitgov.org/dc_madam_update_280208.html

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Previous ‘DC Madam’ news and updates:

New Judge Assigned to ‘DC Madam’ case 04 Dec 2007 As an administrative matter, Judge Gladys Kessler was transferred off the cases of the so-called DC Madam, Deborah Jeane Palfrey, and District of Columbia Judge James Robertson was assigned to preside over Ms. Palfrey’s cases.

‘D.C. Madam’ Seeks Subpoenas for Senator Vitter and Harlan Ullman –By Lori Price 02 Nov 2007 Citizens for Legitimate Government has learned that subpoenas for Senator David Vitter and Harlan Ullman, former customers of Paula Neble, an independent-contractor escort of Ms. Palfrey’s escort service, have been sought for a November 28, 2007 hearing.

Subpoenas Served On ABC’s Brian Ross/New York Post’s Cindy Adams By ‘DC Madam’ By Lori Price 26 Sep 2007 Citizens for Legitimate Government has learned that so-called DC Madam, Deborah Jeane Palfrey, has issued subpoenas for the depositions of (i) Troy Burrus, the IRS case agent on Palfrey’s case, for Friday, September 28th in Washington, D.C., and (ii) Brian Ross of ABC News, (ii) Cindy Adams of the New York Post and (iv) Bill Bastone of The Smoking Gun for Friday October 5th in New York City.

‘DC Madam’ defense likely to disclose evidence, identities deemed classified’ By Lori Price 01 Sep 2007 Citizens for Legitimate Government has learned that Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the ‘DC Madam,’ has filed with the Court a pro se “Motion for Pretrial Conference to Consider Matters Relating to Classified Information” under the Classified Information Procedures Act. This filing alerts the government that Palfrey’s defense will likely involve the disclosure of evidence and identities presently deemed “Classified” by the U.S. government.

‘DC Madam’ Phone Records By Lori Price 09 Jul 2007

‘D.C. Madam’ Phone List Names & Places Posted by Lori Price

Citizens For Legitimate Government has received the ‘DC Madam’ phone records and is preparing the list for release. –Lori Price 09 Jul 2007

Decriminalize Sex Workers

February 24, 2008
Letter
To the Editor:

“The Wrong Target,” by Bob Herbert (column, Feb. 19), is right to direct attention to the Safe Harbor Act and the effort to decriminalize minors who do sex work. Any child induced into prostitution is a victim of trafficking and needs services, not punishment.

In addition, we need a paradigm shift for adult sex workers. Criminalization of sex work forces both minors and adults who do it into the shadows, making them more vulnerable to violence and making it harder for them to leave if they want to.

Those arrested in their homes can be summarily evicted; immigrants who have done sex work can be denied status to which they are otherwise entitled; and sex workers with criminal records are often turned away when they look for other jobs.

Focusing our resources on education, health care and economic opportunities, instead of on arresting and convicting sex workers, would do more to ensure that no one is forced to enter sex work, or stay in it.

Sienna Baskin
Legal Fellow, Sex Workers Project
New York, Feb. 20, 2008

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/24/opinion/l24herbert.html

UPA divided over amendments to Immoral Trafficking (Prevention) Act

 UPA divided over amendments to Immoral Trafficking (Prevention) Act

Ch. Narendra                                                                                                                                                    28/2/2008 11:33:12 AM(IST)

Minister of women and child development Renuka Chowdhury’s move to make radical amendments to the Immoral Trafficking (Prevention) Act has seen the entire UPA government divided over this contentious issue.

Several male ministers, led by law minister, Kapil Sibal, Anbumani Ramadoss, and , Mani Shankar Aiyar, are strongly opposed to the amendment, which will punish men for visiting prostitutes.

The amendment will make the client of a sex worker a criminal liable to a jail term of up to seven years. Under the present law, while the women in the trade are punished for “seduction”, her clients and all others involved go virtually scot-free.

The amendment has now been referred for re-examination to the group of ministers comprising the home minister, Shivraj Patil, Sibal, Ramadoss and Aiyar amongst others. Chowdhury is stepping up pressure to table the amendment in the current session of Parliament.

Sibal and his other male colleagues believe this amendment could force the entire trade to go underground and create more problems than it will solve. Concurrent to this fear of forcing this trade to go underground is their belief that prostitution should be legalised.

Several ministers state that if this is done, as is the case with several countries in the West, prostitutes will be allowed to work in certain zones, issued licences, their names will be in government records, they will have to undergo regular health check-ups and, if need be, even pay taxes. They will definitely stop being exploited, both by pimps and by the police, these ministers claim.

The issue has further divided India’s three million prostitutes working out of 400 red light areas. Women in sex work, including those from Sonagachi in Kolkata and in Sangli in Maharashtra, demand that prostitution be treated at par with any other job.

“It is a woman’s choice if she decides to enter this profession,” said Meenu Seshu of Sangram, a Maharashtra-based organisation working with sex workers. “This acceptance has also played a key role in helping women negotiate the use of condoms, which is important as a means of controlling HIV/AIDS.”

Chowdhury has been a vociferous proponent of this amendment, which she says is a move “to prevent the harassment of innocent girls who are forced into the flesh trade by traffickers. If we don’t punish the men, then whom do we punish?”

“It is high time sex workers are portrayed as victims rather than offenders. If the amendment comes through, the women will not be forced to vacate the property in which they are living, as has been done in the past,” she insists.

The CPM leader, Brinda Karat, emphatically states, “Impermissible male sexual behaviour is not acceptable. A long-standing demand of the women’s movement has been that the bias against women in law be removed.”

She also feels strongly about the number of young women who are being forced into this trade. “The issues of real livelihoods and rehabilitation for these poverty-ridden women need to be looked at,” said Ms Karat.

http://mynews.in/fullstory.aspx?storyid=2638#

ADB says transport spending may increase AIDS in Asia

from AFP via Google

MANILA (AFP) — Massive Asian Development Bank lending to the region’s transport sector may be helping drive the spread of AIDS across the world’s most populous continent, the bank said in a study released Thursday.

It cited 16 percent prevalence rates of the HIV virus that causes AIDS along one particular transport route in southern India, compared with less than one percent nationwide.

In Bangladesh, long-distance truck drivers had the highest HIV rates among the general population, while in China the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases among truckers was up to four times that in the population at large.

The Mandalay-Muse highway, built in 1997 to link Myanmar with China, has led to an increase in drug use, dramatically raising HIV rates among injecting drug users in three Myanmar provinces, the study said.

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) said that construction, especially large infrastructure projects, draws a large influx of men into rural areas, and along with attracting cash, boosts the demand for sex.

Commercial sex work and the trafficking of drugs and humans, particularly women and girls for sex work, also follow major construction projects and transport routes, the study said.

“Better roads bring many benefits but also increase risks through greater mobility and connectivity,” the ADB said.

“Mobile people, especially ‘mobile men with money’ are more likely to engage in risk behaviours such as unprotected sex with casual partners and sex workers, and drug use,” the Manila-based lender said.

The ADB said it was now integrating prevention, education and treatment programmes into its infrastructure programmes.

Transport and infrastructure development is now the largest and fastest-growing sector of the ADB’s operations, accounting for 33 percent of all its lending in the six years to 2005.

The United Nations estimates 5.4 million people live with HIV/AIDS in the Asia-Pacific region, with nearly a million new infections in the past two years, and with injecting drug use the main driver of the epidemic, the study said.

About 640,000 people have died from AIDS-related diseases in the continent.

HIV is considered a “generalised epidemic” in Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, and six states of India, and is a “concentrated epidemic” among defined sub-populations in Indonesia, Nepal, Malaysia, Vietnam and China.

‘Orlando Weekly’ Stops Adult Ads As State Drops Charges Against Salespeople

By E&P Staff

Published: February 28, 2008 12:55 PM ET

CHICAGO In a plea bargain disclosed in court Wednesday, the Orlando Weekly agreed to stop publishing “Adult Services” ads, and Florida authorities dropped criminal charges of “aiding and abetting prostitution” against the alternative paper and three of its sales staff.

Last October, following a nearly two-year undercover investigation in which Metropolitan Bureau of Investigation (MBI) agents posed as prostitutes looking to advertise their services in the paper, three salespeople were arrested at a job fair and charged with aiding and abetting prostitution.

At the time, the MBI said it acted because the Weekly had refused its requests to drop advertising for escorts, massage parlors and other so-called “adult” services that it claimed were fronts for prostitution. The law enforcement agency dubbed its investigation “Operation Weekly Shame.” The newspaper charged that the arrests were retaliation for its investigative reporting over the years into MBI incompetence and misdeeds.

Under the plea agreement, the arrested Weekly employees — Christopher Matthew Whiting, Jarrell Brian Martin, and Katherine Casey Miller — will perform 100 hours of community service, and the charges will be dismissed within nine months.

The Weekly also agreed to pay about $10,000 to reimburse the MBI for investigative costs.

In a statement, the MBI said the Weekly had done “the right thing” by dropping the adult advertising, “which was a category of advertising that was fueling the Central Florida organized prostitution trade. This will solve the problem that the MBI’s investigation sought to address.”

An attorney for the Weekly said the paper never had knowledge of any illegal activity, and would not condone it.

On its Web site, the Weekly said the charges of selling ads to prostitutes were dropped because “the MBI brain-trust hit a small hitch — there’s not really anything illegal about that.”

http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003717417

Against the “Swedish Model”

Women

Author: 

Laura Schwartz

The law on prostitution is about to change. Whether this will be for the better or the worse, however, remains to be seen.

Former Home Office Minister Fiona MacTaggart is calling for new legislation based on that implemented in Sweden in 1999, which criminalises the men who buy sex rather than the women who sell it. The call for a review of prostitution laws has been supported by leading Labour MPs, while deputy leader Harriet Harman has defined prostitution as violence against women.

At the moment, the buying and selling of sex is not illegal in the UK, only certain forms in which it is carried out, such as street soliciting and brothel keeping. The Swedish Model would change this, outlawing the buying of sex under any conditions.

It’s nothing new for sex workers to find themselves on the wrong side of British law and the victims of state repression masquerading as the regulation of “vice”. What makes the recent call for the introduction of the Swedish Model interesting, however, is that it is being touted as the feminist alternative to the existing laws which unfairly make the sex workers themselves liable for prosecution. Instead, it is claimed, the Swedish Model will protect the women working in prostitution while targeting the real perpetrators of violence and exploitation — the men who buy their services.

The anti-trafficking organisation the Poppy Project and many leading feminist campaigners against violence against women also support the proposals for this new legislation.

It is worth noting, however, that the same MPs claiming to be so concerned about sex workers in the context of the Swedish Model debates, also just voted for the government’s Criminal Justice and Immigration Bill which further criminalises prostitution and requires that street workers be subject to forced “rehabilitation” or face imprisonment.

It’s easy to see how the Swedish Model acquired its feminist appeal. The idea of finally turning the tables on the men who benefit from an undoubtedly exploitative industry, but who have up until now walked away scot-free from police raids and government crack-downs, is admittedly rather enjoyable. However, it is also clear that the criminalisation of clients would indirectly impact upon sex workers too, in some cases making their work even more dangerous than it is under existing laws.

As a result, the International Union of Sex Workers, the English Collective of Prostitutes, the Safety First Coalition (set up in 2006 after the Ipswich murders) and the International Committee on the Rights of Sex Workers in Europe all oppose the Swedish Model. They claim that women working with clients who are worried abut arrest will have less time to carry out basic safety precautions. Street workers will be deterred from working in more public and better lit areas and will have less time to assess the client beforehand.

Those working indoors will find it harder to find rented accommodation from which to work and will be put off working with other girls for fear of attracting too much attention. The laws effectively make the sex workers responsible for protecting their clients from arrest, or otherwise risk loosing custom and their means to earning a living.

Pye Jacobson, a founding member of Sex Workers and Allies in Sweden, who has been organising for sex workers’ rights since 1994, says that the Swedish laws have forced sex work underground, increasing the amount of pimping and middle-men. At a recent meeting on the proposed legislation, held in Parliament and sponsored by John McDonnell MP and the Labour Representation Committee women’s caucus, Jacobson said: “Now we have internet pimps, who arrange where we can put our ads for a ridiculous amount of money, and apartment pimps because we are not allowed to rent an apartment and work from it.”

Perhaps most worryingly, she also claimed that sex workers were now less likely to report violence to the police, since this would inevitably entail an investigation into their working lives and result in the closure of the brothels where they worked or heavier policing of red light districts. Whereas under the old laws male clients would sometimes report cases of violence from other clients or pimps, now none of them are willing to risk arrest in order to look out for the girls whose services they use.

Worst affected by the Swedish model have been illegal migrant workers in the Swedish sex industry. Those without papers are unable to access government initiatives to provide women with an alternative to the, now illegal, job of prostitution. With no choice but to keep working in an illegal industry they have no recourse to the law should they be subject to violence and, under the pressures of criminalisation, they are increasingly hidden away and isolated from other sex workers with whom they might act collectively to improve their conditions. The irony of this is that proponents of the Swedish Model loudly proclaim their aim to use it to combat sex trafficking. But the use of the term “trafficked” as a word for migrant sex workers of any kind is telling, and brings us to the heart of what much of the support for the Swedish model is really about — immigration control.

“Trafficking” has become an incredibly powerful discourse amongst both MPs and feminists. Although the term is rarely defined in any precise manner, it conjures up images of women kidnapped, forcibly transported to another country where they is imprisoned and forced to have sex with men. This is certainly the story told by the government-funded Poppy Project and “The Truth Isn’t Sexy” anti-trafficking organisations, whose publicity borders on the pornographic in its accounts of women raped, beaten and “forced to have sex with up to fifty men a day”

All prostitution has increasingly come to be equated with trafficking, while all trafficking and migration within the sex industry is viewed as a synonym for slavery and sexual abuse.

The government’s statistics on trafficking have been criticised for lumping together all illegal migrants working in the sex industry, whether they came to the UK of their own volition, paid someone to bring them here, or were kidnapped off the street, held hostage and forced into slavery. Sex worker rights organisation have also criticised the fact that even when such women have been “rescued” in police raids their most likely fate is deportation. Creating panic about “trafficked women” thus provides a moral justification for the government’s draconian immigration policies, and a useful guise under which to step up the policing of migrant workers.

The IUSW and the ECP argue that of course the government should seek to prevent slavery, sexual abuse and rape, but it is counter-productive to associate these issues especially with the sex industry (it is often ignored that many trafficked women also work in domestic service or in agriculture), and that further criminalisation of prostitution will not solve these problems and might make them worse. Moreover, the trafficking debate is premised on a particular construction of all sex workers as victims and on the belief, adhered to by Harriet Harman and many radical feminists, that even consenting sex work is violence against women.

The Swedish model is based on a similar set of assumptions. But the recent debates about changes to the law on prostitution have also been revealing of feminists themselves and the kind of feminism that is currently driving the government’s wider policies on women and establishment women’s rights organisations.

Many of the “Blair’s Babes”, the female Labour MPs who support the Swedish model and have contributed to the trafficking debates, proudly call themselves feminists. Moreover, most of them became politicised in an context in which they would have identified as socialist-feminists. In calling for the criminalisation of men who buy sex they see themselves as concerned to protect economically underprivileged women from violence and exploitation, a desire that is in keeping with a broadly socialist-feminist perspective.

This causes me to pause to reflect upon what I mean when I call myself a socialist-feminist and how this might differ from the feminism of, say, Harriet Harman. Feminism in Britain has a rich and very complex history — drawing on a variety of political and intellectual traditions, including Christian morality, social purity and imperialism. Even those women in the labour movement who sought to fuse their support for women’s rights with their commitment to working-class solidarity or socialism inherited many of the more problematic feminist ideas about the need to “protect” women from male violence and male sexuality.

Thus, even today we find ourselves in a strange situation in which Labour MPs (who have at least a notional commitment to the principle of organised labour) and many trade unionist women, deny other women, i.e. those working as sex workers, the right to work and reject their attempts to organise against exploitation as a betrayal of the sisterhood. This kind of socialist feminism — or rather social-democratic feminism — is simply a case of bolting together two separate traditions: [male] workers rights’ on the one hand, [middle-class] women’s rights on the other. At times it leads to some strange inconsistencies.

For me, if the term “socialist-feminist” is to mean anything, it should be an attempt to use the one political analysis to illuminate and transform the other. Socialist feminism should be about looking at the ways in which the capitalist system oppresses women as well as workers, and women as workers, and about how gender power relations enhance and interconnect with economic power relations.

Surely the socialist principle of workers’ self-organisation is about empowerment from below rather than top-down philanthropic endeavours, and the belief that the oppressed have the ability to fight their exploitation rather than permanently exist as the victims of those more powerful than themselves. A socialist feminist perspective therefore, should encourage us to analyse exploitation in the sex industry from this perspective and to approach prostitutes as workers rather than victims.

This does not mean ignoring the poverty that compels the majority of sex workers to earn their living in this way, or the violence that many sex workers face, or imbalance of power that potentially exists between a sex worker and her client. It does mean, however, that we need to face up to the fact that criminalisation — no matter how well intentioned — will not work.

http://www.workersliberty.org/story/2008/02/09/against-swedish-model

Behind massage parlour front, the trafficked women forced to sell sex

Camden New Journal – by PAUL KEILTHY
Published: 28 February 2008
 
The interior of the Touch of Class sauna following a major fire
The interior of the Touch of Class sauna following a major fire

Police reveal scale of ‘tolerated’ prostitution as Town Hall is urged to tighten licensing

THE Town Hall is issuing licences to sauna and massage parlours which police and human rights groups claim are brothels – and which may house exploited and trafficked women.

And Camden Council is accused of “complacency” for maintaining that, because details of trafficking are rarely reported, sexual exploitation is a matter for the police.

Research from the government-funded POPPY project suggests that in Camden there may be eight sauna and massage parlours with council-issued special treatment licences where sex is being sold, the highest figure for any borough in London.
POPPY official Helen Atkins, who oversees a project which helps trafficked women escape from prostitution, said: “I have an incredibly dim view of the procedures which surround special treatment licences. The more that are issued and used as a front for brothels, the more women will be exploited.”

Research by POPPY, due to be published next week, will show that victims of trafficking continue to report that they have been forced to work in Camden.
Earlier research, published in 2004, found two out of 10 trafficking victims surveyed had been forced to work in Camden. It recorded that more than 200 women work in prostitution in Camden.

Detective Inspector Gary Young heads up the clubs and vice unit, based on the fringes of Soho at Charing Cross police station. He is blunt about the scale of “tolerated” prostitution: “Of the massage parlours in the high street that I or my officers have dealt with, 98 per cent are fronts for prostitution, and I am happy to say that on the record. The specific ones advertising massage or sauna – these are fronts, brothels.”

Camden Council issues 188 massage and special treatment licences, but the majority of these are for hair, beauty, or nail treatment bars, with no alleged connection to prostitution.

The ambiguous status of licenced massage parlours was brought into sharp relief by the fire which killed a man and a woman at Touch of Class sauna in Royal College Street, Camden Town, in March last year.

The council was quick to point out that the special treatment licence the notorious parlour had held for 10 years had not been renewed after a police raid in 2005, which led to three men being jailed for a total of four years for controlling prostitution.

But the brothel had already been raided, in 2001, and a father-and-son team convicted of living on immoral earnings in 2002. The premises continued to operate under licence until the raid. Asked what would have prompted the raids, DI Young said that it had followed an “intelligence-led operation”, adding: “We would have to have information about juveniles or trafficked women, organised crime or coercion.”

The council’s Lib Dem leader, Cllr Keith Moffitt, was challenged by a Labour rival over the issue in January. Asked to “commit to develop a strategy on this in Camden and not turn a blind eye”, Cllr Moffitt said the council was “extremely concerned” about trafficking.

“The regulation of these premises is where police and council action comes together,” he added. “Clearly, the enforcement of the law in relation to brothels… and prostitution is a matter for the police and we support them in any way we can.”

He added that saunas and massage parlours were inspected annually by officials from the council’s health and safety team, to ensure they meet the conditions of their £4,245-a-year licence. “If premises are suspected of being involved in illegal activities, such as the running of a brothel, that information is passed to police for their action,” Cllr Moffitt said. The council had in the past contacted police over suspicions of trafficking, he added.

But the councillor who posed the question, Theo Blackwell, said the gap between council and police in enforcement was “complacent”. He added: “Everyone is caring about themselves in all this rather than the real risk that women are being exploited. The council could be doing a lot more than they are, and it’s of particular concern that the council appears to be issuing licences. Most local people would find it pretty disgraceful that they are making money on these licences.”

Hunt for fire sauna bosses

DETECTIVES are no closer to finding the managers of a massage parlour where two people died in a blaze nearly a year ago, writes Charlotte Chambers.

An uncovered window at A Touch Of Class sauna in Royal College Street, Camden Town, reveals the unseen world of sex-for-sale shops. Masseuse Perihan Djelal, 34, and housing officer Daniel Eamonn O’Halloran, 44, died in a blaze there last March. Inside the charred room is a double bed, a shower and a book on top of a table.

But this week detectives ad­mitt­ed their search for the managers of the sauna has drawn a blank. Detective Inspector John Marriott, who is leading the hunt, said: “It’s gone cold. There is one person we would like to speak to but they’ve disappeared.”

At an inquest last year a coroner ruled the deaths were an accident, caused by a candle.

DI Marriott said the ruling meant that if any charges were eventually brought they would be for fairly minor fire regulation offences.

In an emotional appeal, Ms Djelal’s daughter Leah Halil urged the managers to come forward. “People want answers and they should face up to their responsibility,” she said.

Police have appealed for information about two eastern European members of staff who were working on the night of the blaze. One is described as a tall, heavily-built, doorman called Victor, aged about 30, and the other a receptionist called Carolina, with black hair and aged about 50.

DI Marriott can be contacted on 020 8733 6564.

http://www.thecnj.co.uk/camden/2008/022808/news022808_09.html